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Таблица времен английского языка

  Present Past Future Future in the past

Simple

(повторяющееся действие)

Вспом. гл.: do / does
Окончание: , -s
Формула: V (+s)

 

+ I watch
+ He drives

– I do not watch
– He does not drive

? Do I watch?
? Does he drive?

Вспом. гл.: did
Окончание: -ed, –
Формула: V2

 

+ I watched
+ He drove

– I did not watch
– He did not drive

? Did I watch?
? Did he drive?

Вспом. гл.: will 
Окончание:
Формула: will + V

 

+ I will watch
+ He will drive

– I won’t watch
– He won’t drive

? Will I watch?
? Will I drive?

Вспом. гл.: would
Окончание:

Формула: would + V

 

+ I would watch
+ He would drive

- I wouldn't watch
- He wouldn't drive

? Would I watch?
? Would he drive?

Continuous

(действие происходит
в данный момент)

Вспом. гл.: be (is / am / are)
Окончание: -ing
Формула: am/is/are + Ving

 

+ I am watching
+ He is driving

– I am not watching
– He is not driving

? Am I watching?
? Is he driving?

Вспом. гл.: was / were
Окончание: -ing
Формула: was/were + Ving

 

+ I was watching
+ He was driving

– I was not watching
– He was not driving

? Was I watching?
? Was he driving?

Вспом. гл.: will be 
Окончание: -ing
Формула: will + be + Ving

 

 

+ I will be watching
+ He will be driving

– I won’t be watching
– He won’t be driving

? Will I be watching?
? Will he be driving?

Вспом. гл.: would be
Окончание: -ing
Формула: would + be + Ving

 

 

+ I would be watching
+ He would be driving

- I wouldn't be watching
- He wouldn't be driving

? Would I be watching?
? Would he be driving?

Perfect

(действие закончилось
к данному моменту)

Вспом. гл.: have / has
Окончание: -ed
Формула: have/has + V3


+ I have watched

+ He has seen

– I have not watched
– He has not driven

? Have I watched?
? Has he driven?

Вспом. гл.: had
Окончание: -ed
Формула: had + V3


+ I had watched
+ He had driven

– I had not watched
– He had not driven

? Had I watched?
? Had he driven?

Вспом. гл.: will have 
Окончание: -ed
Формула: will + have V3


+ I will have watched
+ He will have driven

– I won’t have watched
– He won’t have driven

? Will I have watched?
? Will he have driven?

Вспом. гл.: would have
Окончание: -ed
Формула: would + have V3


+ I would have watched

+ He would have driven

- I wouldn't have watched
- He wouldn't have driven

? Would I have watched?
? Would he have driven?

Perfect Continuous

(действие, начавшееся
в указанный момент,
происходит до другого момента)

Вспом. гл.: have been / has been
Окончание: -ing
Формула: have/has + been + Ving

 

+ I have been watching
+ He has been driving

– I have not been watching
– He has not been driving

? Have I been watching?
? Has he been driving?

Вспом. гл.: had been
Окончание: -ing
Формула: had been + Ving

 

+ I had been watching
+ He had been driving

– I had not been watching
– He had not been driving

? Had I been watching?
? Had he been driving?

Вспом. гл.: will have been 
Окончание: -ing
Формула: will + have been + Ving

 

+ I will have been watching
+ He will have been driving

– I won’t have been watching
– He won’t have been driving

? Will I have been watching?
? Will he have been driving?

Вспом. гл.: would have been
Окончание: -ing
Формула: would + have been + Ving

 

+ I would have beeen watching
+ He would have been driving

– I wouldn't have been watching
– He wouldn't have been driving

? Would I have been  watching?
? Would he have been driving?


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